Summit County (Akron), Ohio, Staffing Plan. As a central component of a consent agreement with the U.S. Dept. of Justice, Civil Rights Decision, implement a collaborative comprehensive staffing analysis. (2013)


Bradford County, Pennslvania, Jail Planning Study. Systems review and planning to address jail crowding in a county that is in the center of the Oil-Shale boom. (2013)


Lake County (Gary), Indiana, Jail Master Plan. Comprehensive planning services for jail system that is under federal court order. (2011- 2013).


Mackinac county, Michigan, Jail Pre-Architectural Study. 2012-2013. Planning, review of construction alternatives, projections, life cycle cost estimates for a 60 bed jail.


Houghton County, Michigan, Jail Pre-Architectural Study. 2009-2010. Jail needs and alternatives were examined with a broad-based committee of stakeholders. Long-term plans were developed and a referendum for a new jail has been set for November 2010.


Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana, Jail Needs Assessment. 2009 – 2010. Working with Pulitzer/ Bogard Associates, CRS was responsible for analyzing the inmate population, projecting future needs and identifying alternatives that would change future jail demand.


Hancock County, Indiana, Judicial Facilities Study. 2009 – 2010. Working with the architectural firm of Schenkel/Shultz, CRS examined jail occupancy, inmate characteristics and projected future needs. Meetings with stakeholders examined potential enhancements in local practices and identified new policies and practices.


Regional Jail Feasibility Study for 4 Tennessee Counties. 2009 – 2010. CRS was selected to implement a first-ever feasibility study commissioner by the Tennessee Legislature. The study generated individual jail needs assessment reports for each county. CRS met with county officials several times to explore jail needs, projections and options, setting the stage for the evaluation of a range of options that included some regional partnerships. 30-year life cycle costs were estimated. Local officials were provided with the information needed to make informed decisions.


Regional Jail and Facility Re-Use Feasibility Study for 15 Michigan Counties. 2008-2010.CRS completed a comprehensive feasibility review for all 15 counties of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. This project involved examining jail inmate population characteristics, projected needs, facilities, standards compliance, staffing, and costs Several recently-closed State Prisons are also being analyzed for potential reuse as jails.


Feasibility Study for a Regional Jail in Western Michigan. 2007-8.CRS completed a comprehensive feasibility review for Kent (Grand Rapids), Allegan and Kalamazoo Counties, Michigan. This project involved examining jail inmate population characteristics, projected needs, facilities, standards compliance, staffing, costs and cost projections and other facets of county jail operations and management.


Maine Sheriffs and County Commissioners, Statewide Research. 2007. Under contract to Luminosity, Inc., CRS assisted county officials to analyze a statewide jail takeover proposal advanced by Maine’s governor.


California Women’s Prisons Legislative Review. 2008. CRS was invited to bring its staffing analysis expertise to an in-depth review of gender-specific operations for female prisoners in California. The project is being managed by the Moss Group through a cooperative agreement with the National Institute of Corrections.


Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, Jail Review. 2007. Under contract to the American Jail Association (AJA), CRS conducted a broad-based review of all facets of the Parish Prison’s conditions of confinement and operations.


Collaborative Staffing Analysis, Hennepin County Jail (Minneapolis), Minnesota. 2007-2008. Using the NIC methodology, CRS is working with a broad-based team to implement an exhaustive staffing analysis for the large jail system operated by the Sheriff.


Comprehensive Operational Review, Gwinnett County, Georgia. 2007. Working under contract to CGL, CRS implemented a review of operations, staffing, policies and procedures, inmate labor, and other practices of the county’s corrections department.


Overtime Study, St. Louis County, Missouri. 2007. Using the NIC methodology, CRS worked with a team of jail administrators and staff to explore the underlying causes of overtime. New data collection and analysis protocols were developed to improve budgeting practices in the future.


BJA Jail Work and Industry Center, Bureau of Justice Assistance (U.S. Department of Justice),  1992-2004; 2004-present.   CRS operated a national clearinghouse that promotes expanded inmate employment in the nation’s jails. Because this tool is so important to the field, once federal funding was no longer available, we have continued to operate this clearinghouse as a self-funded project (


ACA Performance-Based Standards Project. 1997-present. CRS is the principal consultant for the American Corrections Association (ACA) Standards Committee, assisting with the development of performance-based standards for various types of correctional facilities and programs. We continue to assist ACA, currently with the development of groundbreaking new “Core Jail Standards” that provide new guidance for all jails. These standards were approved for field testing by the Standards Committee in August 2007.


NIC Staffing Analysis Workbook for Jails.  1985-1988, 2002-2003, 2006-2008.   CRS developed a comprehensive text for the National Institute of Corrections to guide practitioners, consultants and architects in planning and design efforts.   This workbook introduced new methodologies that have enable practitioners to streamline their staffing practices. It was updated as a Second Edition in 2002. A Third Edition is currently under development with funding from NIC.


Standards Revision, Amer. Correctional Association, Conditions of Confinement Project. 1986-2003.   Through a grant from the National Institute of Justice, CRS provided a variety of services associated with the revision of physical plant standards for America’s jails, prisons, and residential centers (adult and juvenile).   Extensive legal research was conducted, along with primary responsibility for project organization and standards drafting.


NIJ Jail Industries Initiative.  1986-1994   Based on an initial concept paper developed by CRS, the National Institute of Justice funded its first jail initiative, developing extensive resource and development materials for jail industries.  CRS served a primary consultation role, with initial responsibility for a national workshop and the development of a handbook.  CRS currently provides training, technical assistance and information as a national clearinghouse for inmate work and industry.


Analysis of Cost Implications and Design Implications for Third Edition Standards for Adult Correctional Facilities, American Correctional Association, 1990.   CRS implemented research and applied design principles, creating a comprehensive analysis of costs, and developing a prototype for illustrating physical plant standards.


Revision of “Planning of New Institutions” Program (PONI) for National Institute of Corrections, Principal Contractor   1990-92.   CRS managed the complete revision of a longstanding program that guides all phases of planning and design for local corrections facilities.


Principal Consultants, Demonstration Programs for U.S. Department of Education,     Private Sector Jail Industries Enhancement  1991-1993.  Under contract to CGA, Inc., CRS provided technical expertise to three pilot sites to demonstrate the impact of enhanced industry, vocational, and transition programming.  Two of the three sites are in New Hampshire (Strafford and Belknap Counties).


Feasibility Study for Alternative Corrections Program for Indian Offenders.  July – December, 1976.  CRS was retained by the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe to explore the feasibility of opening a regional corrections center on the Reservation in South Dakota to serve five States and the Federal Bureau of Prisons.  The study reviewed literature, case files, facilities, and other sources.  The final report, Feasibility Study – Swift Bird Corrections Center, addressed legal, architectural, physical, cost, philosophical, population, procedural, and correctional issues.  The Summary Report was supplemented with 700 pages of detailed findings and data.  The study provided the Tribe, LEAA, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs with the insights needed to decide future funding for the projects.


Development of Operations–Swift Bird Corrections CenterFebruary, 1977 – February, 1980.

CRS was retained as the principal consultants for this project, funded jointly by the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration and the United States Department of Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs.   More than 30 staff and consultants delivered services under the auspices of CRS.  The staff traveled 90,000 miles during the project, and worked in thirteen states and provinces.  Responsibilities included long-range planning, program development, operations development, facilities analysis and planning, fiscal planning, lobbying for federal funds (Joint Appropriations Committee, U.S. Congress and Senate) and grant preparation.  The Swift Bird Center was developed as a pilot project for regional Indian corrections.


Maine Sheriffs’ Association – Statewide Detention Study.  July, 1978 – September, 1979.

CRS conducted an extensive study of all Maine jails, resulting in the development of a comprehensive plan with the Association.  Data was collected from 30,000 prisoner files in all Maine counties.  Each jail facility was inspected and detailed reports of deficiencies were provided.  The resulting plan served as a blueprint for action throughout the state–which has been implemented through a series of planning and construction  projects.  Since 1978, Maine’s fifteen jails have been replaced or renovated at a total cost of $71 million; the average age of a jail bed in Maine was reduced from 75 years to 4 years.


National Institute of Corrections – National Small Jails Project.  September, 1979-1981.

CRS was awarded a $150,000 grant to develop and implement programs for small jails in the United States.  As a result, several major publications were prepared for NIC (Jail Resource Materials), and a national network was developed to assist small jails.  Work involved travel to jails in 33 states, a national survey of 2,400 small jails, delivery of training to inspectors, trainers and other professionals in 45 states, and preparation of resource materials.


Indian Offender Plans for Great Lakes and Northwest.  January – December, 1980.   CRS was retained by the Native American Rights Fund to assist with the development of plans for Indian Offenders in 11 states.  CRS analyzed all data, reviewed all drafts, and prepared the plan for Indians/Natives/Eskimos in Alaska.


Evaluation of the Corrections Center Program, Michigan Department of Corrections1974.  CRS was retained by the Michigan Office of Criminal Justice Programs to conduct an extensive evaluation of the Corrections Center Program of the Michigan units in which selected inmates may be placed for periods of three to six months prior to their scheduled release on parole.  CRS collected and analyzed data describing the participants in the program.  The analysis provided complete demographic information on the sample population as well as determination of their success or failure in the program and on parole.  In addition, CRS provided a detailed analysis of operational, staffing, funding, and screening aspects of the program.  A series of recommendations and detailed proposals were offered for the revision of the Program as a result of the study.  The project culminated with a report, State of Michigan Corrections Centers:  Analysis and Recommendations, and a presentation to the Director of the Department and key Department staff.  The final report has been distributed throughout the United States.  The findings of the evaluation have been used extensively in Michigan and most of the recommended changes have been made.



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